Tuberculosis is one of the most dangerous diseases in the world. Despite universal vaccination, the infection continues to spread and kill people. A third of the world's population are carriers of tuberculosis, and almost every second there is a new case of infection. And although mortality from tuberculosis is currently decreasing, its consequences are dangerous: loss of vision, the ability to eat and move independently.
The main problem of curing this disease lies in the fact that its causative agent - Koch's bacillus - acquires drug resistance during the treatment, that is, the drugs stop working. Due to improperly selected drugs initially or they were taken in very large quantities, about 600 thousand patients with tuberculosis die each year.
According to the World Health Organization, 2 million people died of tuberculosis last year, and another 10.5 fell ill. About 60% of the diseases were reported in India, Indonesia, China, Nigeria, Pakistan and South Africa.
Unfortunately, the processes of migration and globalization are directly involved in the spread of tuberculosis, behind which medicine in developing countries does not keep pace. Although in reality the social side is not important. Well-off, people without bad habits from countries with developed medicine can just as easily pick up an infection, for example, in public places, if their body is weakened due to stress. Today, the main task of physicians all over the world, if it is not possible to defeat the disease, at least to transfer it to the category of rare.
Over the years, new, more powerful drugs and vaccines have been developed, because the BCG vaccine we know protects only against the most severe forms of tuberculosis. At the moment, Russian scientists are developing and conducting clinical trials of a new safe and effective booster vaccine. The essence, which lies in the restoration of immune memory, that is, if a person was vaccinated with BCG in childhood, then even as an adult, he will be protected from infection.
Every fifth infected person is engaged in the treatment of tuberculosis, while the rest simply do not know about their disease. Despite the fact that you can get infected even just by talking to the patient. Therefore, highly sensitive technologies tested by Nizhny Novgorod scientists are very important, which are able to detect the tubercle bacillus at the stage of penetration into the body, that is, when there are no tangible symptoms yet.
To reduce the incidence rate, British scientists propose to organize preventive examinations at home, and experts from the United States recommend constantly training and retraining doctors, acquainting them with innovative technologies and advanced research.
While new drugs and vaccines are being developed and tested, TB infection continues. Therefore, it is very important to know that it is possible to protect yourself from the disease:
- Lead a healthy lifestyle;
- eat regularly;
- avoid stress;
- try not to talk to people who cough badly;
- constantly treat your hands and nostrils with HEALER-C antiseptic, which for a long time (about 6 hours), being on the surface of the skin, will fight bacteria and viruses, including Koch's bacillus.